What causes diabetes ? Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce glucose, which is difficult to digest food, as a result of an incomplete or partial deficiency in the secretion of the hormone insulin, which helps to sugar in entering the cells, which then becomes energy to benefit the body in motion.
What causes diabetes ?
A lot of people ask this question ” what causes diabetes ? ” and here is the answer as follows:
- Obesity, and high blood lipids, which causes functional changes in the body’s cells, and thus a defect in insulin response.
- Genetic factors, where the presence of relatives infected with the disease increases the incidence of it.
- Lack of regular exercise.
- Eat plenty of high-fat foods that are harmful to the body, especially high-fat junk foods and increased insulin resistance.
- Beta cells that secrete insulin, such as a non-visible viral infection, are damaged.
- The incidence of diabetes increases with age.
- Pancreatic damage due to infection with diseases such as inflammation or tumors, whether benign or malignant.
- Removal of the pancreas, due to cancerous tumors.
- Exposure to certain endocrine diseases such as extremities of limbs, excessive length, or colic disease.
What are the Symptoms of diabetes?
- General fatigue, and feeling tired constantly: This is due to the inability of the body to take advantage of glucose as fuel for him. And then turn to the use of other sources of energy, such as fat, for example, which absorbs more body energy, the patient feels tired and persistent.
- Unwarranted weight loss: This is despite the fact that the patient’s appetite for food has not decreased. Due to the inability of the body to take advantage of the calories it takes. The loss of sugar and water also contributes to urine and the condition of drought associated with weight loss.
- Feeling very thirsty: Because of the increase of sugar in the blood, the body tries to reduce those ratios by increasing the level of water, the brain sends signals in the form of a sense of thirst so that the patient drink more water.
- Frequent urination: This is another way in which the body tries to resist the high blood sugar levels, and that is by putting it heavily in the urine.
- Excessive eating: This is due to the role of insulin in stimulating the feeling of hunger, and with an increase in the proportion of the second type of diabetes is increasing in feeling hungry.
- Frequent inflammation: because of the weakness of the immunity suffered by diabetics, in addition to the presence of sugar and abundance in the body; This stimulates the growth of bacteria.
- Disruptive mental state: This arises from many complications of diabetes, often resulting from a significant rise in the level of glucose in the blood.
- The weakness of the wound: High levels of glucose prevent the white blood cells from functioning properly, exposing wounds to inflammation and delaying the buildup.
Types of diabetes
- The first type of sugar: This type of species that affects children and adolescents, and hereditary and viral infections responsible for the main occurrence, and often include symptoms of thirst, hunger, excessive urination, thirst, and patients rely on this type of insulin to maintain their health.
- The second type of diabetes: This type of diabetes affects people aged 40 years and over, a genetic disorder that increases in the case of people who are obese.
- Gestational diabetes: It affects pregnant women, and is diagnosed in the twenty-fourth to twenty-eighth of pregnancy, and treatment of this type of diabetes is followed by diet and exercise, and if not using the previous methods, it’s advised to take insulin tablets after consulting with a doctor.