Vitamin K is a purified, yellowish, fat-soluble vitamin that is made in the intestines mainly by intestinal bacteria in sufficient quantities. It plays a major role in the health of the body, providing a balance of approximately 80 essential nutrients, Such as: minerals, vitamins, mineral salts, fatty acids, antioxidants etc., as well as building strong bones, protecting the body from heart disease, and blood clotting.
Types of vitamin K
It is found in several types:
Vitamin K1: Known as phylloquinone, naturally occurring in green plants and vegetables, beneficial to the liver, and balances blood clot healthy.
Vitamin K2: Known as Menaquinone, kills bacteria, strengthens blood vessels, liver tissue, and bones.
Vitamin K3: Known as menadione, the dose must be taken into account; to avoid poisoning.
Vitamin K functions
- Regulates blood clotting, and many of the steps of blood clotting depend on the presence of vitamin K, as it accelerates the process of wound healing.
- Provides protection against heart disease.
- Prevents atherosclerosis.
- Retains the calcium element in the arteries and tissues.
- Increases the proportion of calcium and other minerals in the bones.
- Strengthens bones and prevents osteoporosis
- Strengthens the spine.
- It reduces the incidence of internal bleeding, liver bleeding, gastrointestinal disease, and colitis.
- Improves the rate of hormones in the body.
- Prevents symptoms of morning sickness accompanying the pregnant woman.
- Treating asthma.
- Used in antibiotics, to treat blockage of bile ducts
- Reduces Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes.
- Prevents fetal deformities and enters into full growth.
- Regulates blood sugar. The urine spins.
- The regulation of body hormones during the menstrual cycle, which reduces the flow of blood to feel comfortable and reduce the pain and convulsions.
- According to the results of a study published in the International Journal in September 2003, vitamin K2 limits the growth and spread of cancer cells, especially lung cancer.
Causes of vitamin K deficiency
- Infection of the pancreas.
- The pregnancy where this vitamin is consumed in large quantities.
- An unhealthy diet.
- Inflammatory bowel.
- Liver disease, because it is manufactured in the liver.
- Taking antibiotics for a long time kills the bacteria responsible for producing this vitamin.
- Vitamin K deficiency in neonates is caused by the inability of the bacteria producing this vitamin to produce in appropriate quantities.
Source of vitamin K
- Vitamin K is found in many sources:
- Green plants, such as spinach, lettuce, stalks, watercress, cabbage, cabbage, cauliflower.
- There are some types of fruits, such as kiwi, grapes, avocados, and strawberries.
- Some vegetable oils, such as soybeans, whole milk.
- Bacteria found in the intestines.
- Dietary supplement tablets are available in pharmacies.
Symptoms of vitamin K deficiency
Symptoms that appear when vitamin K deficiency:
- Bleeding gums and nose continuously.
- The appearance of bruises under the skin.
- Do not heal wounds quickly.
- Varicose veins.
- Atherosclerosis and heart disease.
- Osteoporosis and tooth decay.
The need for vitamin K
Vitamin K needs for males, females, children, and adolescents are as follows:
- Males aged 25 years, 120 micrograms/day.
- Females aged 25 years, 90 micrograms/day.
- Children and adolescents, from 15 to 100 micrograms/day.
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