Vitamin K is a purified, yellowish, fat-soluble vitamin that is made in the intestines mainly by intestinal bacteria in sufficient quantities. It plays a major role in the health of the body, providing a balance of approximately 80 essential nutrients, Such as: minerals, vitamins, mineral salts, fatty acids, antioxidants etc., as well as building strong bones, protecting the body from heart disease, and blood clotting.

 

Types of vitamin K

It is found in several types:

Vitamin K1: Known as phylloquinone, naturally occurring in green plants and vegetables, beneficial to the liver, and balances blood clot healthy.
Vitamin K2: Known as Menaquinone, kills bacteria, strengthens blood vessels, liver tissue, and bones.
Vitamin K3: Known as menadione, the dose must be taken into account; to avoid poisoning.

 

Vitamin K functions

  • Regulates blood clotting, and many of the steps of blood clotting depend on the presence of vitamin K, as it accelerates the process of wound healing.
  • Provides protection against heart disease.
  • Prevents atherosclerosis.
  • Retains the calcium element in the arteries and tissues.
  • Increases the proportion of calcium and other minerals in the bones.
  • Strengthens bones and prevents osteoporosis
  • Strengthens the spine.
  • It reduces the incidence of internal bleeding, liver bleeding, gastrointestinal disease, and colitis.
  • Improves the rate of hormones in the body.
  •  Prevents symptoms of morning sickness accompanying the pregnant woman.
  • Treating asthma.
  •  Used in antibiotics, to treat blockage of bile ducts
  • Reduces Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes.
  •  Prevents fetal deformities and enters into full growth.
  • Regulates blood sugar. The urine spins.
  • The regulation of body hormones during the menstrual cycle, which reduces the flow of blood to feel comfortable and reduce the pain and convulsions.
  • According to the results of a study published in the International Journal in September 2003, vitamin K2 limits the growth and spread of cancer cells, especially lung cancer.

Causes of vitamin K deficiency

  • Infection of the pancreas.
  • The pregnancy where this vitamin is consumed in large quantities.
  • An unhealthy diet.
  • Colitis.
  • Inflammatory bowel.
  • Liver disease, because it is manufactured in the liver.
  • Taking antibiotics for a long time kills the bacteria responsible for producing this vitamin.
  • Vitamin K deficiency in neonates is caused by the inability of the bacteria producing this vitamin to produce in appropriate quantities.

 

Source of vitamin K

  • Vitamin K is found in many sources:
  • Green plants, such as spinach, lettuce, stalks, watercress, cabbage, cabbage, cauliflower.
  • There are some types of fruits, such as kiwi, grapes, avocados, and strawberries.
  • Some vegetable oils, such as soybeans, whole milk.
  • Bacteria found in the intestines.
  • Dietary supplement tablets are available in pharmacies.

 

Symptoms of vitamin K deficiency

Symptoms that appear when vitamin K deficiency:

  • Bleeding gums and nose continuously.
  • The appearance of bruises under the skin.
  • Do not heal wounds quickly.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Atherosclerosis and heart disease.
  • Osteoporosis and tooth decay.
  • Pneumonia.

 

The need for vitamin K

Vitamin K needs for males, females, children, and adolescents are as follows:

  •  Males aged 25 years, 120 micrograms/day.
  • Females aged 25 years, 90 micrograms/day.
  • Children and adolescents, from 15 to 100 micrograms/day.

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